Research Center for Applied Sciences (RCAS) is founded on the premise that Academia Sinica should merge with the society-- a consensus reached by academicians in the Division of Mathematics and Physical Sciences and other investigators and innovators in science and technology from the government, industry, academia and research institutes. In the past more than forty years, the stunning success of Taiwan's technological industry has contributed to Taiwan's economic growth and prosperity. As the country enters a new era, the RCAS will undoubtedly face more challenges and more intense competition in the international market. Thus the first priority is to look beyond present accomplishments and exert effort toward the modernization of the industry. For the time being, the hi-tech industry in Taiwan has not yet gained full independence in the sense that it still depends on Japan, the United States and European countries for high-tech manufacturing methods. The most concerned issue for the RCAS is therefore how Taiwan's industry of high-technology can become self-reliant, as well as keeping up with its global competitors.
The scarcity of research in applied sciences and engineering within the existing institutes of Academia Sinica has distanced academicians in the Division of Mathematics and Physical Sciences from the institution as a whole. This gap makes it rather difficult for the academicians to offer their expertise.
Given that Academia Sinica is rich in both talents and research facilities in fundamental science, the RCAS seeks to provide a mechanism for cooperation beyond individual institutes so as to conduct research potentially related to the fields of applied sciences and engineering. Moreover, the interdisciplinary orientation of the RCAS encourages connections among the government, industry, academia and research institutes, while bringing Academia Sinica closer to the society.
Although domestically there is a considerable amount of research in applied sciences and engineering, the global competitiveness of Taiwan's industrial manufacturing methods is undermined by the scattering of resources and the lack of coordination and integration. The mission of the RCAS is to coordinate with related institutions for the purpose of enhancing collaborative performance in technological research and development.
July 4, 1994 -- The idea of founding the RCAS was proposed in the Convocation of Academicians.
April 9, 1998 -- The proposal of setting up The Preparatory Office of the RCAS was passed in the General Assembly.
April 17-18, 1998 -- The proposal of setting up Institute of Applied Sciences and Engineering was passed in the Council of Academia Sinica, yet it was until the enactment of the Organization Act of Academia Sinica that Institute of Applied Sciences and Engineering would be renamed as Research Center for Applied Sciences (RCAS).
1998 – Academia Sinica recruited Academician Leroy L. Chang, then the Vice President of Hong Kong University of Science nd Technology, as convener of the RCAS's plan team. During his stay in Taiwan from February to August, Dr. Chang actively worked on the project and completed the plan of establishing the RCAS.
October 22, 1998 –The plan of establishing the RCAS was submitted to the Office of the President for the approval to setup the Preparatory Office of the RCAS.
January 1999 -- Academia Sinica recruited Professor Chen-Shui Tsai at the University of California as the distinguished research fellow of Institute of Physics. In his return to Taiwan, Professor Tsai assisted in the establishment of the Preparatory Office of the RCAS; not only did he take charge of short and medium term research planning, Professor Tasi also attended to the construction of the buildings.
February 22, 1999 -- the Office of the President approved the setting up of the Preparatory Office of the RCAS.
viii. April 1, 1999 -- The Preparatory Office of the RCAS was set up on the 4th floor of the old building of Institute of Physics, and Professor Tsai was appointed to the position of its director.
May 1, 2006 -- The Preparatory Office of the RCAS was officially renamed as Research Center for Applied Sciences (RCAS) according to the newly enacted Organization Act of Academia Sinica.
There are currently 26 research staff at the RCAS, including 3 distinguished research fellows, 9 research fellows, 10 associate research fellows, 2 assistant research fellows , 1 associate research specialist and 1 assistant research specialist. Additionally, a total of 200 staff including visiting scholars, postdoctoral fellows, research assistants, full-time and part-time research assistants, and graduate students are engaging in research activities here. The RCAS focuses on three main research areas: green technology; biomedical application; and mechanic and engineering sciences.
The logo for the Research Center for Applied Sciences (RCAS) was designed jointly by the researchers Yia-Chung Chang, Pei-Kuen Wei and Jing-Jong Shyue in year 2000. The idea behind the logo design is to use three colors, which are red, green and blue, in three meaningful shapes to represent three major research areas of the RCAS respectively:
The red, sideways 'S' is a strand of DNA, representing biomedical application research.
The green 'A' represents nanoscience technology.
The blue semi-circular line is a radiation pattern, representing optoelectronics.
From this combination emerges the letter 'R' which stands for 'R'esearch spirit. These lines together form the letters RCAS, the abbreviation for the Research Center for Applied Sciences.
The RCAS is positioned as a platform for conducting interdisciplinary research in applied sciences. Being a multi-dimensional center that is currently involved in three major research areas, the RCAS applies advanced and innovative science and engineering technology to facilitate new and groundbreaking research and development in fundamental science.
Key research fields of interest:
Optical nanostructures and advanced materials for photovoltaics and water splitting devices.
Solid state and organic lighting.
Advanced micro/nano optical devices.
Mechanics, physics and chemistry in cell and micro-environment interactions
Nano biosensors and nanoparticles for drug delivery.
Super-resolution microscopy/spectroscopy for molecule imaging.
Multi-scale mechanics in biological structures and nanostructures.
Advanced micro/nano fabrication technology and MEMS devices.
Environmental mechanics, including debris/granular flow and solid/fluid mechanics.